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Ribera del Duero Designation of Origin

The Ribera del Duero Designation of Origin is one of the most prestigious and recognized in the world of wine, at an international level. Located in the Autonomous Community of Castilla y León, the D.O. Ribera del Duero extends along the basin of the Duero River, covering part of the provinces of Burgos, Soria, Segovia and Valladolid.

This appellation has established itself as synonymous with quality and excellence in wine production, standing out mainly for its robust and elegant reds and with a rich history dating back centuries.

The history of wine in the Ribera del Duero can be traced thanks to the archaeological remains of the Pintia area, in Padilla de Duero, near Peñafiel, where remains of the Vaccea, Roman and Visigothic cultures have been found, as well as evidence of winemaking activity in this area for 2,500 years.

However, it was during the Middle Ages that viticulture began to flourish, boosted by the work of monasteries, which played a crucial role in the development of viticulture in Ribera del Duero. The monks, with their knowledge and dedication, improved the techniques of cultivation and winemaking. This monastic tradition contributed significantly to the consolidation of wine culture in the region.

Over the centuries, viticulture in the Ribera del Duero gained in importance and prestige, although it was at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth that a real renaissance took place. The arrival of the railroad facilitated the transport and marketing of wines, allowing them to reach wider markets.

The official recognition of the Ribera del Duero Designation of Origin came in 1982. This milestone marked the beginning of a new era for the region, establishing rigorous production and quality control standards that ensured the prestige and excellence of its wines. The Designation has been key to the promotion and protection of the interests of the winegrowers and winemakers in the area, helping to position Ribera del Duero wines among the most appreciated in the world.

The Ribera del Duero Designation of Origin covers an area of around 115 kilometres along the Duero River, it is characterised by its extreme continental climate, with very cold winters and hot, dry summers. These conditions, together with the altitude (which ranges between 720 and 1,100 meters above sea level) and the diversity of soils, are key factors that contribute to the uniqueness and quality of Ribera del Duero wines.

The grape variety that predominates in the Ribera del Duero is Tempranillo, also known as Tinto Fino or Tinta del País. This grape is the basis of most of the red wines of the D.O. and is characterized by its ability to produce full-bodied wines, with good acidity and a remarkable aging capacity. In addition to Tempranillo, other varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Malbec are allowed in small proportions, contributing to the complexity and diversity of the wines.

The wines of Ribera del Duero are mainly red, although rosés are also produced, such as Montebaco Rosado. The reds are classified according to the time of aging in barrel and bottle. The “Roble” usually have a short period of aging in barrels, while the “Crianza” must be aged for at least 24 months, of which 12 must be in barrels. The “Reserva” and “Gran Reserva” require longer aging periods, guaranteeing greater complexity and sophistication in the final wine.

Ribera del Duero wines are known for their intense color, deep and complex aromas that can include black fruits, spices, tobacco, and leather, and their robust mouthfeel. These characteristics make Ribera del Duero wines highly appreciated by both critics and consumers.

Since its recognition as a Designation of Origin in 1982, Ribera del Duero has seen exponential growth in terms of quality and international recognition, cementing its reputation as one of the best wine-producing regions in the world.

Bodegas Montebaco is one of the wineries that have stood out within the Ribera del Duero Designation of Origin. Founded in 1987 by the Esteban family, Montebaco has cemented its reputation through a meticulous focus on quality and innovation, while maintaining a deep respect for tradition. Taking a sustainable approach, respecting the environment and promoting responsible agricultural practices, a perfect example of how the combination of terroir, tradition and modernity can give rise to great wines.

The Ribera del Duero Designation of Origin is the result of centuries of winemaking tradition, historical influences and a constant commitment to quality. Not only does this region produce some of the best wines in Spain, but it has also left an indelible mark on the international wine scene, standing out for its excellence and authenticity.


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